An RCD, or residual current device, is a life-saving device which is designed to prevent you from getting a fatal electric shock if you touch something live, such as a bare wire. It can also provide some protection against electrical fires
A miniature circuit breaker is used in new constructions instead of the older types of fuses. Circuit breakers are small devices used to control and protect the electrical panel and the other devices from overflowing of electrical power. They are used to maintain and ensure safety and quality of the energy provided.
Electrical safety checks are commonly known as 'periodic inspection' or 'electrical installation condition reports'. An electrical inspection report will detail any observed deterioration, defects, dangerous conditions and any non-compliances with the present-day safety standard which might give rise to danger. These items will be categorised in terms of safety and which ones pose an immediate risk.
Agents and landlords in the Private Rented Sector (PRS) must ensure electrical installation inspections and testing are carried out for all new tenancies in England from July 1st 2020, or from April 1st 2021 for existing tenancies.
This means agents and landlords must ensure every fixed electrical installation is inspected and tested at least every five years by a qualified person. The regulations also state that a landlord is required to obtain a report of the results of the inspection and test, supply it to each tenant within 28 days and retain a copy until the next inspection is due.
The report must be provided to the local housing authority within seven days, and a private landlord must supply a copy of the last report to any new tenant before occupation, or any prospective tenant within 28 days of a request from that prospective tenant.
Breaches of the regulations can result in the local housing authority imposing a financial penalty of up to £30,000.
Further advice on this subject can be found here: http://www.niceic.com/specifiers/landlords/landloards-factsheet-june-2020.aspx
Electrical bonding is the practice of intentionally electrically connecting all exposed metallic items not designed to carry electricity in a room or building as protection from electric shock. If a failure of an electrical insulation occurs, all bonded metal objects in the room will have substantially the same electrical potential, so that an occupant of the room cannot touch two objects with significantly different potentials. Even if the connection to a distant earth is lost, the occupant will be protected from dangerous potential differences.
The Part P requirement is that: "Reasonable provision shall be made in the design and installation of electrical installations in order to protect persons operating, maintaining or altering the installations from fire or injury.
NICEIC is the UK's leading voluntary regulatory body for the electrical contracting industry. It has been assessing the electrical competence of electricians for nearly sixty years and currently maintains a roll of over 26,000 registered contractors.
A 'split load' arrangement is used where circuits are protected by one of two RCD's. Circuits are generally split by load or balanced across the two RCD's equally for example RCD one might have the kitchen sockets, the upstairs lights, the immersion, RCD two might have house sockets, downstairs lights, and the shower.
The Smoke and Carbon Monoxide Alarm (England) Regulations 2015 came into force on the 1st of October 2015. These regulations require a smoke alarm to be installed on every storey of the premises on which there is a room used wholly or partly as living accommodation. A carbon monoxide alarm must be installed in any room which is used wholly or partly as living accommodation and contains a solid fuel burning appliance.
Private sector landlords are required from 1 October 2015 to have at least one smoke alarm installed on every storey of their properties and a carbon monoxide alarm in any room containing a solid fuel burning appliance (eg a coal fire, wood burning stove). After that, the landlord must make sure the alarms are in working order at the start of each new tenancy.
The requirements will be enforced by local authorities who can impose a fine of up to £5,000 where a landlord fails to comply with a remedial notice.